World Kidney Day (WKD) is a global health awareness campaign focusing on the
importance of the kidneys and reducing the frequency and impact of kidney disease and its
associated health problems worldwide.
 The article begins by stressing on what the functions of the kidneys are, and how vital
it is to the able functioning of the entire body.
 The kidneys are concerned with ridding the body of its excess wastes, maintain the
salt and mineral balances in the body and help control blood pressure.
 When your kidneys are damaged, waste products and fluid can build up in your body,
causing swelling in your ankles, vomiting, weakness, poor sleep, and shortness of
The theme for World Kidney Day 2018 is

Kidneys & Women’s Health: Include, Value, Empower.
 Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem with adverse
outcomes of kidney failure and premature death.
 Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive loss in kidney function over a period
of months or years. Each of your kidneys has about a million tiny filters, called
nephrons. If nephrons are damaged, they stop working.
 Some kidney diseases, such as lupus nephropathy or kidney infection (acute or
chronic pyelonephritis) typically affect women.
 Kidney Disease is considered a risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcome and
reduced fertility.
 Women who have CKD are at increased risk for negative outcomes for the mother
and the baby; pregnancies in women with advanced CKD are most challenging with
high rates of hypertensive disorders and preterm births.
The awareness of World Kidney Day is about the causes, Symptoms, complications,
treatment and prevention of kidneys and awareness of how to live with a kidney disease.
The common causes of kidney disease include
 Diabetes,
 High blood pressure, and
 Hardening of the arteries (The hardening of the arteries damages the
blood vessels in the kidney).

 An inflammation of the kidneys, called nephritis (This may be due to an
infection or to an autoimmune reaction where the body's immune or
defence system attacks and damages the kidneys).
Some kidney diseases, such as
 Polycystic kidney disease is caused by problems with the shape or size of
the kidneys (anatomic disorders),
 Other diseases interfere with the inner workings of the kidneys (metabolic
disorders- this disorder is rare as it need to be inherited from both
The symptoms of kidney disease depend on the type of disease that a person
has. The diseases
 If the disease is caused by a bacterial infection, the person will develop a
high fever.
 Passing too much or too little urine, or passing blood or abnormal levels
of chemicals in the urine. 
 Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is a kidney disease in which the kidneys
cannot remove enough water from the urine to make it concentrated.
 A kidney stone in the ureter (a tube leading from the kidney to the
bladder) can cause severe cramping pain that spreads from the lower
back into the groin. The pain disappears once the stone has moved
through the ureter.
Do you want to prevent yourself from a kidney disease? Get it checked in two
simple tests. The tests which help you to prevent yourself from disease are: ACR
and GFR

The kidneys can be saved with a simple urine test. In a urine
test, Albumin Creatinine Ratio(ACR) is estimated which tells the amount of
a type of protein, albumin, that is in your urine.

The Glomerular Filtration Rate(GFR) tells how well your
kidneys are working to remove wastes from your blood. It is the best way
to check kidney function. Over 90 is good, 60-89 should be monitored, less
than 60 for 3 months indicates kidney disease.

The kidneys, play three major roles:
 Removing waste products from the body, keeping toxins from building up in the
 Producing hormones that control other body functions, such as regulating blood
pressure and producing red blood cells.
 Regulating the levels of minerals or electrolytes (e.g., sodium, calcium, and
potassium) and fluid in the body.
The diabetes and high blood pressure are key risk factors for
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD).